19TH CENTURY U.S. CANALS

Pennsylvania

 

 

Schuylkill Navigation

 

A Connected View of the Whole Internal Navigation of the United States – 1839
A brief history and description begins on page 108; rates of toll for the year 1829 are on page 558.

 

Acts of the Legislature of Pennsylvania Relating to the Schuylkill Navigation Company, Issue 4 – 1830
 

Address of the President and Managers of the Schuylkill Navigation Company – 1817

 

Agreements of June 3, 1819, July 20, 1820, & June 14, 1824 Between the Mayor, Aldermen & Citizens of Philadelphia, and the Schuylkill Navigation Company, Relative to the Water Power, &c. at Fair Mount
 

Allegheny Aqueduct Historical Park
A brief history and description of the aqueduct. Current photo.
 

Allegheny Aqueduct Images
Historical paintings and illustrations and current photos of the aqueduct.
 

Along the Schuylkill River
A brief history and description is on page 8; includes several historical photos.

 

American Railroad Journal and Mechanics' Magazine, Volume 3 – 1839
A description of the navigation system begins on page 151; the cost of transporting coal begins on page 153.

 

An Address to the Stockholders of the Schuylkill Navigation Company
An 1844 rebuttal to a pamphlet critical of the Navigation Company, published by the Reading Rail Road Company.
 

Annual Report of the State Engineer and Surveyor for the Year 1906
A brief history and Statement of Operations from 1826 to 1903 begins on page 1384.
 

Auburn Tunnel
A brief history and description of the structure.

 

Black Rock Dam
A brief history and desxription of the dam.

 

Boats in the Canal
An 1898 newspaper article, announcing the opening of the canal for the season.

 

Canal Boating Hurt by Schuylkill Freshets
A 1919 newspaper article, describing disruptions in canal operations.

 

Canal Scenes Years Ago
An 1895 newspaper article, relating some stories about life on the canal.

 

Coal Region History Chronicles
Includes a historical photo, map of the navigation system and a story about one of the canal boat captains.

 

Correspondence of the Watering Committee with the Schuylkill Navigation Company, in Relation to the Fair Mount Water Works – 1833
 

Digital Public Library of America
Links to historical documents and maps.

 

Early History of the Falls of Schuylkill, Manayunk, Schuylkill and Lehigh Navigation Companies, Fairmount Waterworks, Etc. – 1869
A brief history of the navigation system begins on page 51.

 

Enlargement of the Schuylkill navigation. No. 2. - 1845
A link to the on-line document.

 

Firth Dock Historical Marker
A history of one of the five coal loading docks constructed by the navigation company.   Historical photo.

 

Google Newspapers
A set of historical newspaper articles which make reference to the navigation system.

 

Hazard's United States Commercial and Statistical Register, Volume 6 – 1842
An annual report for the navigation company begins on page 28.

 

Historical Sketches: A Collection of Papers, Volume 4 - 1910
A brief history of the canal, and the erection of a monument by the canal boat operators begins on page 41.
 

Historical Society of the Phoenixville Area
Home page of the historical society. The Picture Gallery contains numerous historical and current photos and illustrations.
 

History of anthracite coal mining in Pennsylvania
Includes a brief history and description of the navigation system, and its role in coal transportation.

 

History of Berks County in Pennsylvania – 1886
Reference to the canal is on page 446.

 

History of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania – 1884
References to the canal are on pages 125, 128, 708 and 717.

 

History of Montgomery County Within the Schuylkill Valley – 1859
References to the canal are on pages 13, 43 and 77.

 

History of Fricks Locks Village
Includes a brief history and description of the navigation system, and its role in the development of the community.

 

History of North Coventry Township
Includes a brief history of the Girard Reach section of the navigation system, and its impact on the development of the community.

 

History of Schuylkill County – 1950
Reference to the canal is on page 29.

 

History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania – 1881
Reference to the canal is on page 43.

 

History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania – 1907
An index of links which make reference to the canal in the document.

 

History of the Canal
A brief video history of the canal, presented by the Schuylkill Canal Association.
 

History of the Schuylkill Navigation System

 

How Roebling Did It: Building the World's First Wire-Rope Suspension Aqueduct in 1840s Pittsburgh
An extensive history and description of the aqueduct. Links to related sites.
 

Journal of the House of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky – 1838
The quantities of coal transported on the Schuylkill navigation vs. other canals is on page 58.

 

Laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: Dec. 21, 1812-Mar. 25, 1817
The Act authorizing incorporation of a company to build a lock navigation system on the Schuylkill begins on page 257; a supplement to the Act begins on page 320.

 

Leesport Lock House 
A brief history and description of the restored structure.   Current photo.

 

Locks Farm’s Grist Mill
Current photos of a restored mill, formerly powered by the adjacent Laurel Locks Canal.

 

Meeting Of Stockholders.; Condition Of The Schuylkill Navigation Company
A link to the .pdf file of an 1883 New York Times article about the company's annual meeting.
 

Montgomery County, Pennsylvania ; a history – 1923
Reference to the canal is on page 108.

 

Mount Carbon riverside history recalled through photos
A brief history of the canal and its impact on the community.   Historical photo.

 

Navigation Closed
An 1898 newspaper article, announcing closing of the canal for the season.

 

Navigation to Close
an 1896 newspaper, announcing closing of the canal for the season.

 

New York Public Library Digital Collection
A collection of historical photos and maps.

 

Oakes Reach, Schuylkill Navigation Canal
A brief history of the canal, with a focus on the significance of this particular section. Links to related sites.
 

Old Dominion, Industrial Commonwealth: Coal, Politics, and Economy in Antebellum America
An excerpt of a history of the navigation system begins on page 1777.

 

Old Schuylkill Tales: A History of Interesting Events, Traditions and Anecdotes of the Early Settlers of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania – 1906
A history of the canal begins on page 135, and a history of Schuylkill Haven on page 141.

 

On Old Schuylkill System Canals Were Placid, but Life Was Rough and Tumble
A brief history of the canal.

 

Opinion of Counsel: On the Right of the Schuylkill Navigation Company to Make Another Lock and Canal for the Use of Navigation at the Fair Mount Dam, Issue 8 – 1833
 

Penn's Luminous City
An article about life along the canal is in Chapter 11.

 

Pennsylvania Newspaper Archive
A set of historical articles making reference to the navigation system.

 

Philadelphia in 1830
A brief history of the dam and canal at Fairmount begins on page 191; a brief history of the navigation system begins on page 214.

 

Phoenixville Schuylkill Canal Photos
Historical and current photos, and a link to a brief history of the canal.

 

Publications of the Historical Society of Schuylkill County, Volume 4 – 1914
An extensive history of the canal begins on page 353.   References to the navigation system are also on pages 18, 21, 34, 269, 282, 289 and 385.  Historical photos.

 

Report of the President and Managers of the Schuylkill Navigation Company – 1826
 

Report of the President and Managers of the Schuylkill Navigation Company – 1828

 

Report of the President and Managers of the Schuylkill Navigation Company – 1861
 

Schuylkill
An 1832 description of the canal.

 

Schuylkill Canal
A brief description and history of the canal. Map, current photos and links to related sites.
 

Schuylkill Canal
A brief historty of the canal, published in 1942. Current photos and references to other Pennsylvania canals.
 

Schuylkill Canal
A brief history of the canal.
 

Schuylkill Canal
A history of transportation in the community, including the canal. Includes newpaper articles and historical photos.
 

Schuylkill Canal
A brief history and description of the canal.   Historical photos.

 

Schuylkill Canal Association
Includes a brief history of the canal and a remaining lock tenders house, historical and current photos, restoration efforts, special programs, etc.
 

Schuylkill Canal Boosted King Coal
An article about the role of the canal in development of the coal industry.

 

Schuylkill Canal Historical Marker
Text of the marker in Schuylkill County and additional historical information.

 

Schuylkill Canal Images
Historical and current photos.

 

Schuylkill Canal Postcards
A set of historical postcards of the canal.

 

Schuylkill Canal Was Long a Busy Waterway
A 1918 newspaper article, describing the past history of the canal.

 

Schuylkill Haven Canal System
A brief video history of the canal.

 

Schuylkill Navigation
A brief description and history of the canal.

 

Schuylkill Navigation Company
A brief history.

 

Schuylkill Navigation Company
A brief history and description.   Historical photo, illustration and map.

 

Schuylkill Navigation Company
A brief history.

 

Schuylkill Navigation Company Certificate
An 1830 stock certificate. Includes a brief history of the canal.
 

Schuylkill Navigation Company Images
A collection of maps, historical and current photos.

 

'Schuylkill Navigation' tale follows historic path
A brief history of the navigation system.

 

The Birth of Big Business in the United States, 1860-1914
A brief history of the canal, focusing on its role in the growth of the coal mining industry in eastern Pennsylvania, begins on page 111.
 

The economic history of the anthracite-tidewater canals – 1908
A history of the navigation system begins on page 126.

 

The Edinburgh Encyclopedia, Volume 16 – 1832
A brief history and description begins on page 586.

 

The Philadelphia-Baltimore trade rivalry, 1780-1860, 1947
An index of links which make reference to the navigation system in the document.

 

The Port Folio, Volume 21 – 1826
A brief description and illustration of one of the dams is on page 80.

 

The Schuylkill Canal
An excerpt of a history of the navigation system.   Includes historical  and current photos.

 

The Schuylkill Canal
A brief history and description.   Historical photos.

 

The Schuylkill Navigation Company
An extensive collection of historical photos. Links to related sites.
 

The Schuylkill Navigation Company - 1852
A link to the on-line document.

 

The Schuylkill Navigation Company : Canal and Lock 60
A brief history and description of the system, with a focus on Lock 60.

 

The Schuylkill Navigation Company, Issue 15 – 1852
An essay regarding the navigation system.

 

The Schuylkill Navigation System Collection
An extensive collection of maps and drawings of the canal.    The link to a second web site leads to more maps, a history of the navigation system and links to related sites.

 

The Story of Berks County (Pennsylvania) – 1916
Reference to the navigation system is on page 91.

 

The WPA Guide to Pennsylvania: The Keystone State
A brief history of Schuylkill Haven and the impact of the canal on the community is on page 541.

 

Throwback Thursday – The Schuylkill Navigation Company
A brief history of the canal.   Historical map.

 

United States Commercial and Statistical Register, Volume 2 – 1840
A stockholders report begins on page 58.

 

Upper Providence Bicentennial
A brief history of the navigation system begins on page 46.

 

Upper Providence Township
A brief history of the navigation system, with a focus on the Oakes Reach section.

 

Rev. May, 2022